To do and not to do


It is strictly prohibited to export shells, no matter what size!
Curio shops will offer them to you, or kids at the beach. Do not buy them! You will pay heavy fines if you are caught with shells in your luggage.

Curio shops will also try to sell you cow horns or any other animal parts. Only buy them if you receive an exportation permit from the Ministry of Agriculture. This applies to any animal part. The shop keepers will most probably tell you “hakuna matata” (no problem). It IS a BIG problem if you are caught with any animal part in your luggage without the official exportation permit. A tourist recently spent 14 hours in prison because he had a cow horn in his luggage without the necessary permit. Only with the help of his Embassy was he released from prison but he had to spend 2 weeks at a hotel until the court case came up.
Concerning ivory, one needs a CITES permit. Having said that, nobody should buy any ivory in any case. In Tananzia, the population of elephants reached shockingly low levels because of ruthless poachers who kill the elephants for their ivory. Our children’s children might not be able to see a live elephant anymore if people don’t stop buying ivory.

Zanzibar airport as well as Dar es Salaam airport have x-ray machines. Every piece of luggage is thoroughly checked. Please do not take any chances.

Local customs:

98% of the Zanzibaris are Muslims. Especially in Stone Town, ladies please do cover your shoulders (good excuse to buy a beautiful Zanzibar scarf) and your knees. Men should wear knee length or long pants and t-shirts.  Nothing happens if you don’t dress like this, nobody will say anything, but I believe that one should respect the traditions of the people of the host country.  This dress code doesn’t apply at the coastal areas though.  At the beach you wear normal beach wear, no nude or (ladies) topless sunbathing though.

Please do walk through the villages. Zanzibaris are wonderful and hospitable people, super friendly, they smile with their eyes (dress code in villages is a bit more relaxed than in Stone Town but please do not walk through the villages in a bikini!). You will be greeted with plenty of “Jambo” (hello) while you walk through the village, please do reply  “Jambo”!  It would be rude not to.

Due to news of arrests: Homosexuality is a criminal offence here and punished by imprisonment. If you see Zanzibari men walking hand in hand it is a sign of friendship, not homosexuality – this only applies to locals!

At the beach / in the ocean:
Shells, no matter what size, are the houses of crabs and other sea creatures and if you take the shells these creatures don’t have any protection.  When I walk at the beach especially at low tide I make it a habit to gently throw back into the ocean any stranded starfish and shells with creatures inside. The locals surely think I am crazy but the creatures I rescue surely beg to differ.
However, please do not pick up Cone snails or Cone shells (see photo). They are found on most of the beaches of the Indian Ocean. These shells look very pretty and are shaped like a geometric cone.  The snails are venomous and capable of stinging humans with the effect of paralyzing the area around the sting. The sting of small cones is similar to a bee sting, but the sting of a few of the larger species of tropical cone snails (found at the reef) can be serious.

cone snail shells

Watch out for the black sea urchins, spiky things that you do not want to step into.  They are clearly visible at low tide so watch your step; preferably wear special shoes.

black sea urchin

If you go snorkeling to the coral reefs please do not touch or even step on any corals.  If you are lucky enough to swim with dolphins, please do not touch them – they ain’t Flipper!

You will encounter so-called “beachi boys” that offer you anything from going snorkeling, selling handmade jewelry, etc.  They are friendly guys and if you say no, they in all likely-hood want to just have a chat, finding out who you are and where you come from.  As I said, most of them are really friendly, except in more touristy areas like Nungwi/Kendwa they can be quite pushy. In case you don’t feel like chatting just tell them so. Do not pay a beachi boy upfront for any tour, snorkeling etc!

If you encounter a beachi boy that has a little monkey on a leash “for the entertainment of the tourists” PLEASE DO NOT GIVE THEM ANY MONEY!!! These monkeys were stolen as babies from their mothers, and the mothers are often killed in the process. The babies are then kept in small confinements, crying for their mothers, until their spirit is broken. They do anything for just a scrap of food and are given alcohol, even drugs. This is not a sick joke. This is all done in the name of providing entertainment for the tourists – in order to get money. If these guys don’t get any money from the tourists anymore, they will stop kidnapping the babies and killing their mothers. This is of course officially prohibited, but the police get a share of the apparently quite substantial income. So please, no matter what story they tell you about how they got that little monkey, do not give them any money. Just walk away.

Motorized vehicles are prohibited on the beach! Locals ignore this and usually get away with it but if you are caught riding a scooter or quad bike on the beach, you will be fined heavily. Besides that, people come to our beaches to relax here and the sound of a scooter riding on the beach is most certainly annoying.

Kids will ask you for “pipi” = sweets, “pennie” = pen for school, or “dollar”.  PLEASE do not give them anything.  They were taught by the tourists to beg and we all try to stop this.  If they invite you to play soccer with them, do so!  Please speak English with the small and big kids as much as possible, the English they learn at school is shocking.

Instead of directly giving kids pens or school books rather bring these items to the principal of the local school and watch him handing them out to the kids!

If you do want to help and bring something for the local community, here are some suggestions:

– pens, pencils and other stationary; books with pictures and the English name printed below the picture
– footballs/any football related items: a sport that all Zanzibaris LOVE is football/soccer!
– medicine: any type of medicine is well-received by our local doctors/nurses who do amazing work for both our local community and hotel guests
– your holiday is an ideal opportunity to clean out your closet: bring used clothes, trainers/shoes
– mobile phones/smart phones are becoming popular, even simple phones with their charger are highly appreciated-

– and old sunglasses, any shape or size, for the ladies who plant and harvest seaweed, PLEASE!

If you bring things for the kids, please do not just hand them out to them on the beach – it encourages a begging mentality especially among the children. Either drop them off at the local school (ask for the principal) or ask the hotel manager for assistance to get the items to the most needy.

You will be doing good for the local community and at the same time, you will then have enough space in your suitcase to fill it up with our beautiful fabrics, crafts, jewelry and souvenirs.

Please DO use some Swahili words:
The people of Zanzibar are incredibly friendly. Greetings like saying “Hello” are a must.

Here are some basics:

Jambo “Hello” – you will hear plenty of Jambos on this island, please always reply with a friendly Jambo.
Mambo    slang for Jambo – reply “poa” (OK, fine, cool)
Habari    also means Hello, but more respectful
Habari za asubuhi    good morning
Habari za jioni    hello, during the day
Usiko mwema    good night
Lala salama    sleep well
Shikamo    greeting used for elders, respectable people – reply “Marahaba
Kwaheri    good-bye

Nzuri    good / nice / beautiful / I am fine
Karibu    welcome, come in, also said when someone offers you something
Ahsante    Thank you! (reply to Karibu)
Tafadhali    please
Sana    means “very”, for example Ahsante sana = thank you VERY much.
Samahani    excuse me, sorry
Pole    “I am sorry for your misfortune” This applies to everything from watching someone tripping over something, or if someone is sick
Pole pole    “slowly, slowly” everything is pole pole on Zanzibar
Haraka    faster, quickly

Ndiyo    yes
Hapana   no
Sawa    you hear this quite often, it means “allright, ok, understood”
Poa    slang for OK, cool
Sijui    “I don’t know”
Hapa    here
Safari    journey “Safari njema” = safe journey
Picha    picture, photo
Choo    toilet
Polisi    police
Hatari    means danger, you might see a sign “Hatari” on the roadside warning you of building works

Leo    today
Kesho    tomorrow
Kesho kutwa    the day after tomorrrow
Asubuhi    morning
Mchana    lunch time
Jioni    afternoon
Usiko    evening/night
Saa    time
Saa ngapi?    what time? – please note that on Zanzibar, the new day doesn’t begin after midnight, but at 06h00 in the morning, which means that 07h00 am is 01h00 am here. Yes, it is confusing.

Chakula food, in general
Chakula chema enjoy your meal
Maji water
Kahawa coffee
Maziwa milk
Chai tea

Hakuna matata! no problem, no worries




49 thoughts on “To do and not to do

  1. Hi,
    Thank you for setting up this very informative blog!
    I live in Dubai, UAE, and will be in Zanzibar this Ramadan. It will be far more pleasant (weather wise) than it will be here… so I figured, why not?!
    I have a questions though… you mentioned “liquor stores, night clubs and bars are closed” during Ramadan. Does this mean not open at all, or only open in the evenings as with some places in the UAE? I am not in Zanzibar for a big party, but a few drinks in the evening would be missed.
    Please can you give your thoughts and advice, the rest of my questions have all already been answered in your blog!
    Danke Scheun.


    • Hi Martin,
      Glad you enjoyed my blog and super to hear you are coming to visit this wonderful island.
      As to your question: I was referring to recommendations by the Zanzibar Government during the month of Ramadan. There are bars and night clubs that will be open after sunset during Ramadan, especially at the coastal areas, but there won’t be any parties with loud music. In coastal areas everything is more relaxed than in Stone Town. Having said that, you can for sure have a drink at a bar in Stone Town, behind closed doors that is.
      Hope this answers your question.

      Have a wonderful holiday on Zanzibar!

      Gern geschehen / You are welcome / Karibu sana.


  2. Jambo ! (I am learning 😃)
    Your website has been most helpful – thank you !
    Quick question ..
    You spoke about the beachi boys – is it ok to ask them to take you out on their Dhow for a little sail or to get further out to snorkel ?
    If so – how much is a fair price for an hour or two ?
    From Laura


    • Mambo vipi? (mambo = slang, sort of “hi”, vipi means “how are things”) – simple reply is “poa” which means cool or ok
      Great to hear that the info on my website helps.
      Yes, you can make a deal with the beachi boys. They take you out to just before the reef and you can snorkel for an hour or so. Please do not touch anything and be careful with your flippers, don’t disturb anything on the reef.
      I really don’t know what they charge nowadays. Best is to ask for their price and when they tell you, say that you will check with other guys what they charge since you want the best deal. And then do exactly that, ask other guys, and then choose the guy you feel most comfortable with. Be prepared that you will have a bit of a chat with each of them about where you come from, what’s your name, where you stay etc. They are not being rude, that’s the normal way here. They call themselves anything from Mr. Goodprice, Mr. Coconut etc. Sometimes even “captain”. Do NOT pay anything upfront!
      Have fun!


  3. Hi Gaby,

    Wow, I think we pretty much know all there is to know about Zanzibar after reading all your posts! Thank you!

    That being said, some additional questions have popped up on our side: We will be arriving in Zanzibar this coming Monday (1am ugh) and collecting our rental car immediately. Would sleeping in our car at the airport be okay…? I know, odd question, but I don’t think we’ll be up for the drive to the east coast at that time…

    Also, I’ve had a look at the current weather in Zanzibar- So we’re thinking of only packing light, summer clothes and a rain jacket – anything else you would recommend?

    Thanks in advance and kind regards,
    Cremer and Karyn


    • Hi Cremer and Karyn,

      Thank you so much for your kind words, I am so happy that my info helps.

      Pls don’t sleep in your rental car at the airport, I think it is not even permitted. Besides that, it is very hot here, even at night; because of the mosquitos you would have to sleep with closed windows.

      I suggest that you rather book a taxi to the east coast after you arrive (usually $50) and ask your car rental company to deliver the car to your hotel the next morning (there usually is a small delivery fee). I don’t recommend driving to the east coast after you arrive in the middle of night.

      Alternatively, you can book a night in a low cost place of accommodation in Stone Town, like McPippos (close to the airport), Garden Lodge or Zenji in town, there are quite a few places. Pls check Tripadvisor recommendations.

      As to clothing: It is very hot here this time of the year. Bring light summer clothes. If it should rain at all, it will be for a short while only. The rain is warm, it’s a wonderful experience to just stand in the rain in your swim wear. For the evenings (use mosquito repellent!) bring slacks and light long sleeved shirts. Zanzibar is well known for being a barefoot holiday destination! No need to dress up.

      Hope this helps.



  4. Thank you got you promp teply Gabby!

    Okay noted… Think I will go with the McPippos option and head through the next day.

    Also great to know we can pack lite! Will use excess space to bring old clothes for locals.

    Kind regards,
    Cremer & Karyn


    • You are most welcome.

      Fantastic, please do bring anything old you have that you don’t have use for anymore. You can then fill up your suitcase with the locally made-beautiful-colourful cotton fabrics (kanga) or sarongs/scarves etc etc. Please ask your hotel manager to assist with the distribution of your gifts. As I mentioned on my blog, don’t support the begging especially by kids, which can only be stopped by not giving anything directly to them, but rather through the school principals or hotel management.

      Thank you so much and wishing you the best holiday ever on “my” beautiful island.


  5. Hi dear!

    Your page is just marvelous, its so helpful and I love each and every useful tips you give! Keep it up 🙂

    Me and my friends (7 girls) are planing to travel to Zanzibar on the first week of February, we want to go to the beautiful sandbanks in Nungwi and explore stone town, but it all depends on which hotel we find. My question is if it is possible to hire a taxi for all of us, (where?) and how long does it take from ex Nungwi to Stone town. Do you maybe know the price? 🙂

    And if our plane arrives at 1Am, is it possible to find taxis at that hour, by the airport, to take us to our hotel?

    Thank you dear,


    • Hi Isra,

      I am very happy to hear that you enjoy my webpage.

      Taxis are usually available 24/7 at Zanzibar International Airport. However, it works out cheaper if you book the taxi beforehand, besides the peace of mind factor. I always recommend Kibabu Cars since they are consistently reliable and offer a great service (, be that for rental cars or taxis.

      The trip from Nungwi to the airport takes approx. 1 hour. The taxi fare should be US$ 50. I doubt though that all 7 (or 8?) of you plus luggage will fit into one taxi (mini bus). Please check that when you inquire for the taxi.



  6. Hi Ga by,

    Your blog is wonderful so helpful!
    We’ll be traveling to Zanzibar in two days and will be bringing some English children’s books, we’ll be staying in Makunduchi.

    Do you know a primary or pre-primary school around there or somewhere in the island that could use the books best?

    Thanks a lot


    • Hi Kathrina,
      Thank you, glad my blog helps.
      Many blessings to you for bringing English children’s books. However, it’s school holidays here right now, schools are closed. I suggest that you check with the manager of your hotel where best you can bring the books too. Please do not hand them out directly to the kids.
      Have a wonderful holiday on my beautiful island.


      • Hi

        Is it true that not every child in Zanzibar can go to school due to poverty? If so, what is wrong with giving kids pens and pencils? It’s such a small thing and can make them happier.


      • Hi, schools are compulsary for children and the public schools are free.
        To give kids pens, pencils or anything else at the beaches or villages teaches them to beg, for pencils, money or sweets. The begging became quite bad over the years and we try hard to reverse what tourists taught the kids. You will find out for yourself when you are here and will understand better. Do bring pens and pencils by all means, but as I wrote on my webpage, don’t give them directly to the kids but rather to the principal of the local school and watch him distrubute them to the kids.


  7. Hi Gaby,

    My husband and I are going to Zanizibar in February for a belated honeymoon and we can’t wait! We picked it in large part for the beautiful beaches, but then someone my husband works with said that if we’re barefoot on the beach we need to be careful not to have jiggers (chigoe fleas) burrow in our feet…creepy! Is this a real thing to be concerned about or was his co-worker just being alarmist? I really hope we can have bare feet on such beautiful white sandy beaches!

    Thanks so much,


    • Hi Mary,
      I have never heard of any such fleas on our beaches. I’ve been walking barefoot on the beach for several years, long distances, and never encountered these things. The only creatures you need to look out for (in shallow water) are the sea urchins, as per my blog.
      Have a wonderful belated honeymoon.


    • Hi Mary

      These fleas are mostly found in dirty sand and was a problem here in Zanzibar many years ago. I even got one in my foot but that was in 2009 🙂 I have been walking barefoot everywhere for many years now and never got it again so it is not a big problem anymore.


  8. Hi Mary,
    we just spent 2 weeks barefoot on the beach in Zanzibar and there were no such fleas… Maybe your husband’s co-worker is just a little jealous of how much fun you are about to go have 😉



  9. Hello,
    Verry nice and helpfull blog.
    We are going on our vacation on Zanzibar, but can not find anywhere if it is possible to bring out from the country any dead coral that we maybe find on the beach.
    You write about seashells and other animal parts but not about corals.
    Do we need special permission and if yes what is procedure.

    Asante sana 🙂


    • Hi, the same rules as for shells apply to corals. In general, please do not take anything from the ocean and beaches. Just look and enjoy the beauty. When you snorkel, don’t touch corals, they might die. That way, many other people can enjoy the beautiful sea life here.
      Karibu sana


  10. Thanks , Gaby ! Lots of useful information in your blog !
    We are going to Zanzibar in Jan 2017 to relax and take photos. Will it possible to see Saturday-Sunday markets in Zanzibar ? If yes, where you would recommend to go ?
    Thanks again !


  11. Jambo! 🙂

    Thank you for all the info – I find it most useful.
    As it happens I will be in Zanzibar for Eid so I really look forward to that.

    Question: are we allowed to bring in Zanzibar alcohol from the Duty Free?

    Thanks a ton again for all of the above.


    • Hi Roxie,
      You are most welcome. That’s perfect timing, the festival is amazing!
      Yes, you can bring in alcohol but I don’t really know the rules/quantities since I buy all my alcohol in Stone Town (ZMMI on airport road).


  12. Dear Gaby, really impressive how you were able to put all this information together and be so gentle in replying to everyones question, really beautiful, thank you! I will be arriving in Zanzibar at the end of this week and I just realized that the Ramadan will have quite a big impact on the way I usually behave during holidays (sitting on the beach eating, having a beer, going out in the morning to find a coffee somewhere all of that). So thank you for clarifying a few of my questions already. Can I ask you two questions?
    – Will restaurants be closed ALL day (including in the morning, before noon) before reopening for dinner?
    – Is there any kind of coffee culture, is it possible to have a coffee or is it more tea/nescafe?
    Thanks a lot! Warm wishes, Anne


    • Dear Anne,
      Thank you for your message. I dearly love this island and her people. The better informed anyone visiting here is the better their holiday!
      If you are in a coastal area, you can have your coffee at the beach – as well as your beer – and eat during Ramadan. If you walk through villages and in Stone Town please do not eat or drink anything on the streets, as a token of respect. Rather go inside a cafe or restaurant. Some of them will be closed but others are open all day, although their outside/garden areas are closed.
      Hotels and Cafes serve coffee, cappuccino etc – we have excellent coffee here, using Tanzanian coffee beans or imported coffee. It depends on the hotel of course. Budget places use the local instant coffee Africa Cafe, not bad at all (although nothing beats real coffee, in my humble opinion 🙂
      Have a wonderful holiday.
      Cheers Gaby


  13. Dear Gaby,
    Thank you for so many wonderful information.
    Would you please help me out to know the perfect month to visit/stay in Zanzibar?
    Warm Regards, Ajay


    • You are most welcome.
      Besides April and especially May (rainy season) any month is good to visit Zanzibar. If you are not used to hot temperatures, avoid December and January which are the hottest months here.
      Cheers, Gaby


  14. Hi Gaby,
    Your blog is such a great find! Thank you.
    It’s very informative & helpful.
    I am here with my family (husband & 3 young children) inthe Jambiani area over the last 9 days and it is just the most beautiful place. Zanzibar has the most amazing beaches!just love it here and the people are so friendly. Jambo everywhere we go.
    Can I ask you a few questions please?
    We are heading to Stonetown today for one night and have booked accommodation in an apartment I found on called Stonetown Pearl apartment. I can’t seem to find any rewiews on it. It looks great and the correspondence with the owner is great but it would be nice to read a review. If you know this accommodation, please let me know your review. It is on Shangani street.

    Tomorrow morning we travel on the ferry to Dar a Saleem, then on to Airport to catch our flight home that afternoon.
    Any comments on traveling on the local ferry would be greatly appreciated. Everyone seems to fly but we have decided to take the ferry donot sure how it will be.


    • Hi Annette,
      Great to hear that my blog helps and that you fully enjoy this beautiful island.
      I don’t know any apartment accommodation in Stone Town. Same applies to hotels, we have almost 400 on the island!
      I never used the ferry. I heard though that the best seats are in the VIP area.
      Cheers, Gaby


  15. Hello Gaby
    If we want to go to Dar es salaam for a day visit while based in Zanzibar, are we to have had the yellow fever inoculation.
    Is it possible to undertake such a visit?


  16. Hi! My friends and I are going to Zanzibar for a few weeks in December, we were wondering a couple of things;
    For sunbathing is it recommended to start on a higher than normal sun factor, considering where Zanzibar is on the equator?
    What possibilities are there for ATM withdrawal? Is Debit or Master/Credit Card preferred? Or cash?
    Also, Visa is obtainable at Zanzibar airport for European (UK, Scandinavian) citizens yes? 🙂


    • Hi, I suggest that you use the strongest sun block available. Rather start off with sun bathing in the shade.
      Please read the pages “money / ATMs / internet on phone” and “how to get here/visa” for your other questions.


  17. Such a lovely blog. Thanks for all the info.

    I’m travelling to Zanzibar with my husband but have just heard that smoking is frowned on. Is that true and are cigarettes easy to buy?


    • Hi, you are most welcome. Smoking in public is not common here. You can smoke at the resorts or restaurants and cafes though. Should you be here during Ramadan please do not smoke, eat or drink in public. Nobody will say anything but it will be a sign of respect for the locals if you refrain from doing so.
      Have a wonderful holiday on my beautiful island.


  18. Hi ,
    Very useful blog!
    So we’re planning on going to Zanzibar in May. Around the 18th. For our babymoon. We just want to have a quiet time and relax on the beach. Is may really bad timing? Does it rain all day? Should we consider another destination?


  19. Hi Gaby!
    I’m sure by now you must be tired of hearing this BUT you really do have a blog unlike anything else I could find on the internet! 😀 My partner and I are coming for 7 days in December and planning on doing a self-drive trip around the island. I have two questions:

    1. Is there a specific order of driving around the island that is better i.e. heading North first then West and then South or vice versa?
    2. Do you know of any reputable fishing companies? My partner is very interested in doing a fishing outing but we want to use a company that is trustworthy and respectful to the ocean and its wildlife.

    Thank you so much for your time.


    • Hi Lize,
      I never get tired of hearing that my blog is fantastic 🙂
      1. There is no particular order when exploring the island. It entirely depends on your interests.
      2. I don’t know of any fishing companies but suggest that you contact Safari Blue on They are on the island for over 20 years already, taking care of the environment by minimizing their footprints. They also improve the lives of Zanzibaris through their programme of Social Corporate Responsibility. I am certain that Eleanor will be able to recommend a responsible fishing company.
      Have a wonderful holiday on my beautiful island,


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